Coronavirus (COVID-19): What are the symptoms and how to protect yourself?

Coronavirus (COVID-19) has now been declared a global emergency by the World Health Organization due to some obvious reasons,

“The main reason for this declaration is not what is happening in China but what is happening in other countries,” said WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

What is coronavirus?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that leads to a wide range of illnesses including but not limited to a common cold, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and the virus has not been previously identified in humans.


Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which means they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations have been conducted that showed SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans, on the other hand, MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Various coronaviruses are known to circulate in animals never infected humans before!

Symptoms of coronavirus

Coronavirus symptoms
Coronavirus symptoms

The symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19) are difficult to identify as there may be little to no symptoms. It is difficult to identify the symptoms of coronavirus as they are similar to a common cold. It can take up to 14 days to appear after exposure to coronavirus.

This is the longest known infectious period for this disease.

It is under investigation if the virus can be transmitted to those who are not showing symptoms, experts believe that it can be possible but it is rare.

Common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pneumonia in both lungs

In severe cases, infection is leading to death.

It is advisable to consult doctors IMMEDIATELY in case you are seeing any of these signs.

Protecting yourself from coronavirus

Check out these measures and take great care of yourself!

Clean your hands many times a day!

How to wash your hands
How to wash your hands
  • Wash your hands with soap and water often for at least 20 seconds. Especially, when you come from a public place or after sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose.
  • If you find that soap and water are not available readily, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Make sure that you cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they are dry.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, eyes, and nose when your hands are not clean.

Ignore close contact with people

  • Stay at a reasonable distance from people showing symptoms, sneezing coughing or fever.
  • Ignore going to the places where people are more likely to suffer from coronavirus.
  • It becomes more and more important for people with weakened immunity as they can be caught by this virus easily.

Protect others as well

  • As much as possible, stay at home, ignore going to crowded areas such as malls, cinemas and other.
  • Stay at home especially if you are sick.

Cover when you sneeze or cough

  • You must cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you sneeze or cough or you can use the inside of your elbow.
  • Throw used tissues in the trash.
  • Immediately wash your hands after sneezing or coughing.

Use facemask

  • Using facemask becomes more and more important if you are sick.
  • When you go out or share a room or vehicle with someone, make sure to wear a facemask.
  • Facemask can be short in supply, make sure to use for caregiving.

Clean frequently touched items and surfaces

  • Clean the items that you touch often including your phone, keyboard, light switches, door handles, countertops, toilets, and sinks.


  • Do not take Coronavirus (COVID-19) lightly and take all the safety measures to stay safe.
  • Do not spread any news that isn’t confirmed as it can create a panic.

The bottom line

Coronavirus is trouble and the whole world is fighting, do the best you can as a responsible citizen and take great care of yourself and your loved ones. Feel free to share your thoughts in the comments about the coronavirus crisis.

Categories: Health & Fitness

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